A short stop at a notable historical landmark in Kiangan

August 2, 2017

The Ifugao Museum, also known as the Kiangan Branch Museum and located in Kiangan in Ifugao, is situated on a Philippine Veterans Affairs Office compound which encompasses a war memorial shrine, specifically where Gen. Tomoyuki Yamashita surrendered on September 2, 1945. Consequently, Victory Day Celebration is observed here and highlighted by traditional Ifugao dances. The museum, currently being administered by the National Museum, is a wonderful repository of Ifugao artifacts which reflects the rich culture of the province, particularly with regards to Kiangan. 


Here is the museum itself:


 The shrine commemorating the surrender of Gen. Tomoyuki Yamashita to the combined American and Filipino forces. In the foreground is a hagabi

 Some artifacts from inside the museum; I will allow the photos to do the talking (mostly). 












 Interesting to see an actual Ifugao house, or at least the foundations, being displayed inside the museum:


 The old photo below depicts a cañao, the ritual offering of animals done on festivities.

 Even their stools are in the shape of pigs. Rather cute, if I may say.


 The hagabi, a status symbol for the wealthy. Both ends evoke the heads of a pig, an important food and ritual animal in the Cordilleras.

 The spearhead, also called hinalung in other highland cultures in Ifugao, doubles as a dagger in close combats, and can be attached on long poles as spears, where it is known as fang-kao.




 The Ifugao bolo is similar, in shape and phonetics, to the Kalinga weapon-tool pinahig.

 The axe below is similar in blade shape to the Kalinga battle axe, the pinang, which is (or, was) much used in head-hunting.



 Below is an interesting contraption; Rizal made a similar one for Ferdinand Blumentritt, called in Tagalog as 'sulpukan'.
















 An eel trap, locally called udal.







 In this photo, it seems that these locals were made to pose against their will.



 This is part of the so-called Million Dollar Hill, so-named for the purported millions of dollars spent on ammunition for the final and decisive offensive against the Japanese Imperial forces during the closing episodes of the Second World War.

 The shrine itself, which evokes a native Ifugao house:


 A portion of the magnificent woodwork, sculpted in narra by Architect Alfredo Dayag: 

 Vista from atop the shrine's viewing deck:


 The landscaping is impeccable and restrained.


 The war memorial is a fine example of a well-maintained historical landmark, and is a picture of tranquility and reverence to those who died fighting for freedom. And the museum is an added feature for visitors to better understand Ifugao culture and traditions. Naturally I did not take photos of everything that were on display, and instead would highly recommend my readers to see those for themselves.


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